The project tackles the theme of the relationship between natural morphologies of the earth, tracks and settlement systems: the “grounding” of architecture is taken as a principle that identifies the specificity and identity of a place. It is assumed that the landscape is linked to the architectonic forms of settlement and, as such, can be described, itself, as an architectural fact, an expression of “principles of form” able to preserve the intelligibility of the compositional processes and tectonics of architecture. The geographical features of the place determine “urban landscapes” and “settlement forms” in morphological continuity with the topographical features of the territories: architecture inside the ground or, in any case, rooted in it.
The project identifies the plots that determine the axes and lyings on which to graft the new architectural and landscape elements for Villa Adriana. Through a new territorial structure, places are put in tension and connected with axes found in the soil of the territory itself. We use the paradigm of the road as a “groove to configure the clod” and “wall as substructure” to determine areas and spaces of rest, stay and work. The “water” road has a landscape and connection value through bridges, embankments, riverside walks and cycle paths. The “narrative road” connects the Maritime Theater with the new structure of the Domus Agricola and descends to the river reaching, with the new bridge, the quarries, once again fascinating water landscape. The “present” road, the Meremmana, assumes the role of a semi-hypogean tunnel, giving rise, on a regular basis, to a part of the receptive services and on the other to the river park and its specialized structures. Starting from the “new propylaea” through the construction of the “narrating road”, the plot of the Horti Hadriani, gardens with multiple plant varieties, exemplary place for the variety of naturalistic features of the Mediterranean known to Adriano.